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What Do the Terpenes in Cannabis Do?

Cannabis and Terpenes

We are all familiar with the term ‘terpene’, but how do these molecules work? Terpenes in cannabis are responsible for a range of chemical properties, including aromas, medicinal properties, and even flavor. In addition to their role in plant growth, terpenes also protect plants from the effects of environmental factors, and certain terpenes repel insects and attract animals. They also help plants develop immunity, which may have an impact on our immune systems.



Myrcene and Cannabis, can also be found in mangos Mango Tree holding a bunch of mangos that are rich in the terpene: myrcene.



Myrcene is a nutrient found in several cannabis strains. It is present in both indica and sativa varieties. Some popular sativa-dominant hybrids are Blue Dream and Tangie. The terpene is also present in CBD-rich strains. In addition, myrcene is known to have a number of therapeutic properties.


Cannabis and myrcene both contain myrcene, and as a terpene – myrcene produces sedating effects.



Myrcene is one of the most abundant terpenes found in cannabis plants. It has a distinctly herbal, earthy smell. It is a valuable intermediate in the fragrance industry and is also known to increase the speed of action of the endocannabinoid system. It is found in most cannabis strains, though not all of them are high in it.

Cannabis plants and terpenes 

Myrcene is abundant in many strains that are calming in effect, and sweet tasting.


Myrcene is also suspected to have anti-inflammatory properties. It may help kill cancerous cells. Research has shown that myrcene may also inhibit the development of osteoarthritis, a disease characterized by degeneration of joint cartilage. If this is the case, myrcene may have the potential to slow or even prevent the disease progression in the affected joints. In addition to anti-inflammatory properties, myrcene is also suspected to have anti-tumor effects, as inflammation and tumors are linked.



Cannabis, Pine Needles, and Pinene and terpenes provide an entourage effect. 

Pine needles and cannabis plants both share the terpene: Pinene, which generates an alert – cerebral effect.


The most abundant terpene found in plants is pinene. There are two types of pinene, alpha and beta. Alpha is found in cannabis, whereas beta is rarer. Alpha pinene is the predominant terpene in cannabis and contains more than double the amount of beta. The terpene is responsible for cannabis’ famous pine aroma. Those looking for a more relaxing effect can opt for the beta form.

Energizing effects produced by sativa Cannabis Plants 

Chronic fatigue, and those who suffer from lack of focus may benefit from Pinene’s focusing effect.


The high pinene content of THC oil helps it exert its energizing, neuroprotective, and mood-enhancing effects. Forest breathing is a popular activity in Japanese and German complementary medicine. This is because forests are rich in terpenes, which are good for your health. Forest breathing is beneficial for your mental and physical well-being. It’s a great way to reduce stress, get rid of chronic pain, and relax.

Dr. Arron Russo  

Dr. Arron Russo is Terpene Pioneer in terms of terpene research and science.

According to Dr. Russo, pinene has two antioxidant benefits: it helps your body produce more antibacterial compounds and reduces the production of damaging molecules. This can prevent neurological diseases and improve your health overall. Pinene also acts as a bronchodilator when taken in small amounts. Additionally, pinene is a natural memory aid. These properties make pinene an excellent therapeutic agent.



Chamazule and cannabis 

Chamazule can be found in Chamomile Flowers. Chamazule is sedating.
The terpene Chamazule is sedating, and can be found in indica dominant strains. 
Chamomile is sedating, making it a great option for those suffering from insomnia – as it may be useful.

It is a cyclic terpene, whose smell is reminiscent of woody spices such as cloves, sweet thyme, and lavender. Chamazulene, a derivative of azulene, is a common ingredient in German chamazulene and wormwood. The aroma is often attributed to a soothing effect, while its effects on the body are not fully understood.

Herbal Society LLC - Cannabis Farm 

Cannabis Plants and terpenes like Chamazule work synergistically to produce soothing indica effects.

Terpenes and terpenoids are compounds found in various plants and are responsible for their scent and therapeutic effects. They are found naturally in live plants but many are produced as byproducts of the drying and crystallization process. Researchers have divided terpenes based on the presence of functional groups. Some are skunky or floral-scented, while others have a fruity or citrus scent.



Despite their minor role in potency, terpenes may protect the brain from harmful elements. Although terpenes have a limited effect on the potency of cannabis, they can enhance the effect of other compounds in the body. Unlike cannabinoids, terpenes are relatively low in toxicity and are well tolerated by most people. A few cannabis terpenes have even been studied for their pharmacological effects.



Rosemary Oil and Cannabis 

Rosemary Oil contains beta caryophyllene: as a terpene it’s useful as a muscle relaxant, as well as for pain.

Many marijuana users are unaware of the potent anti-inflammation and antioxidant effects of beta-caryophyllene. A recent study suggests that beta-caryophyllene may boost the efficacy of chemotherapy drugs, but there is a lack of human clinical trials. Fortunately, there are a few promising studies underway. Below is an overview of beta-caryophyllene and its role in cannabis.


Cannabis and Betacaryophyllene 

Betacaryophyllene found in cannabis plants may be useful for relaxation purposes.

The amount of beta-caryophyllene in cannabis varies greatly, and its presence is often reflected in the strain’s name. The amount of beta-caryophyllene in a particular cannabis strain depends on the strain’s genetics. A more reliable way to identify a terpene’s amount in a particular strain is by checking its content in a lab. While the name of a strain may be misleading, a test result is far more accurate.


The terpene Pinene can be found in cannabis plants 

Pine needles containing Betacaryophyllene contain beneficial compounds for the human body.

In cannabis, beta-caryophyllene is the most common type of terpene. It is a natural bicyclic sesquiterpene with a cyclobutane ring and a trans-double bond. Its stereocenter is located near the exocyclic double bond, and one side of its stereocenter is oriented in an R configuration. The terpene does not affect endocannabinoids in the body, so it has no psychoactive effect on users.



Berries contain myricistin 

Berries contain the terpene: myricistin, which can be sedating effect-wise.

One of the many terpenes found in marijuana is Myristicin. It is responsible for its pleasant aroma and taste. It is also a powerful anti-inflammatory and may have tumor-fighting effects. Its base peak is 331 ppm. Some researchers think that Myristicin may be responsible for marijuana’s mood-elevating effects. If so, it is an important part of the cannabis plant.

The terpene myricistin can be found in eucalyptus 

Eucalyptus is an abundant source of the terpene, Myricistin.

Myristicin is the most important terpene in cannabis and serves as an anticholinergic. It inhibits parasympathetic nerve impulses. Its aroma is earthy/musty and may be reminiscent of mint. It also has a soothing, cooling effect and is used for pain relief. It has anti-inflammatory, eucalyptus properties.

Nutmeg and cannabis 

Nutmeg contains Myricistin, just lile in cannabis plants.

Myristicin is naturally present in common spices and herbs, including nutmeg. It is also present in fruits and vegetables like parsnips and carrots. It is highly concentrated in nutmeg oil and can be diffused before bed. It helps clear the nasal passages and promotes deeper sleep. Using nutmeg essential oil is highly beneficial for relieving stress and getting a good night’s sleep.


Myristicin is a hallucinogenic

Myricistin in cannabis plants 

Cannabis plants contain myricistin, and the synergy between them both can generate potent effects.


Myristicin is a hallucinocent terpene found in cannabis. The effects of myristicin are not completely understood, but the compound has been linked to psychedelic effects and heightened consciousness. In addition to its hallucinogenic effects, myristicin also acts as a calming agent, which makes it an ideal supplement for people suffering from stress or anxiety.



Other terpenes found in cannabis include limonene and Humulene. Humulene is a terpene found in many plants and contributes to the smell and flavor of cannabis. In addition, it can reduce appetite and make people dream vividly. Unlike THC, humulene is considered a non-psychoactive terpene.



Nutmeg is another plant with hallucinogenic properties. It is used in cooking, but also abused due to its hallucinogenic and sedative effects. Nutmeg oil contains myristicin, which has an indol-like structure similar to reserpine. It may act as a serotonin antagonist and contribute to cardiovascular effects. In high enough doses, myristicin may be converted to 3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine, which has a psychedelic effect.


Myristicin is a monoterpene

Myristicin is a monoterpenoid, a compound found in the seed of the hemp plant. Myristicin is an aromatic terpene that exhibits a stimulant effect. It also inhibits monoamine oxidases (MAOs). In a study, rats were given a nutmeg oil concentrate. The rat MAO inhibition was measured by potentiating tryptamine convulsions. The rat brains exhibited similar effects to reference drugs.



Terpenes found in cannabis have a variety of benefits for human health. For instance, they may provide novel medicines for neurological and psychiatric illnesses. However, more research is needed to determine whether or not cannabis terpenes have therapeutic benefits for human health. Research into cannabis terpenes will help to determine whether they are useful in curing psychiatric and neurological conditions.



The production of terpenes in plants occurs through three pathways. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, methylerythritol phosphate, and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate are the three major pathways to terpene production. The first two pathways, meanwhile, produce geranyl diphosphate, which is the precursor of monoterpenes.


Myristicin is a polyterpene


It is extracted from Cannabis, and has properties that are similar to eucalyptus. The most common polyterpene found in cannabis is myristicin. This compound has cooling and airway opening effects. It has been used as a sweetener, and might help balance metabolism. It may also prevent vitamin C from degrading. It is also used in pharmaceutical products, and is thought to increase levels of corticosterone and progesterone.



Another beneficial property of myristicin is that it relieves nausea and prevents vomiting. Myristicin is present in large amounts in nutmeg essential oil, which is a great decongestant. It also relieves chest pressure and helps the user breathe deeper. It is also effective against oral pathogens. This polyterpene helps with mental fatigue and can make it easier to sleep.



Terpenes are chemical compounds that give cannabis its unique aroma. Insects produce terpenes to attract mates and repel predators. Cannabis is no exception. Some strains have a distinctive aroma, while others may have a citrus or fruity smell. In either case, myristicin is the main component responsible for the cannabis smell. Myristicin and limonene are common polyterpenes found in cannabis.

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